Home >
Earthquake shaking can induce permeability changes in the shallow crust, which can lead to changes in streamflow, water levels in wells, and other hydrogeologic phenomenon.
Copy Link Copied
See for example a review paper at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2019WR025341[gcc02.safelinks.protection.outlook.com]
In 2013, also note that earthquake in southern Pakistan triggered the formation of a mud volcano in the Arabian Sea that expelled methane hydrates (https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/82146/earthquake-births-new-island-off-pakistan [earthobservatory.nasa.gov]).
However, USGS does not have sufficient information to assess whether the reported seepage was induced by a recent earthquake, nor whether it is of concern, as for example by potentially contaminating water sources. There is also no evidence in the scientific literature, or reason to expect, that the reported seepage suggests any changes in the likelihood of future earthquakes. However, aftershocks of the magnitude 5.1 earthquake on 18 July 2022 will temporarily increase the rate of earthquakes in this area